WESLEYAN-ARMINIANISM is a theological position that blends concepts Jacobus Arminius (1560-1609) and John Wesley (1703-1791). Arminius was a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church and Professor of Theology at Leiden, Holland. He was noted for his opposition to the strict Calvinism doctrine of predestination. John Wesley was and Anglican priest and scholar whose evangelistic work produced a major revival in the British Isles and later became the foundation for the Methodist Church. Wesley was noted for his "method" of holiness and his teaching on the "second blessing" that brings a grace that enables Christians to live holy lives.
Wesleyan-Arminianism is noted for its believe in free will and the possibility for holy living. As with most theological positions, there is a spectrum of belief ranging from Semi-Pelagianism to Eradicationism. Dr. John Miley, D.D. (1813-1895) presents an excellent discussion of Wesleyan-Arminian theology in this Systematic Theology (Hunt & Easton, New York, 1893).
Wesleyan-Arminianism is the next step in the direction of conservatism from Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism. This theology posits that people are born into the world depraved as the result of Adam's fall in the Garden of Eden. Since they are depraved, they do not have the Holy Spirit, are spiritually dead, and are inevitably prone to sin. As sinners, people are hopelessly lost in sin and headed for eternal death. In His mercy and grace, God approaches all sinners through the workings of the Holy Spirit to bring them to a place where they can comprehend their need to be made right with God. While the unregenerate person is incapable of saving faith, the prevenient grace of God offers the gift of faith that can enable the penitent sinner to repent and believe in the efficacy of Christ's atonement to cause him to be born again. Through the new birth, the person receives forgiveness of past sins and the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit by which he can understand the Scriptures and the will of God so that he can live a holy life of obedience throughout his life.
What is difficult for Christians of other theological persuasions to comprehend about Wesleyan-Arminianism is the belief that imperfect humans can actually live without committing sin and in continual submission to the leading of God in their lives.
The five foundational articles of Arminian Theology (A.D. 1610).